HRC: Hillary Clinton versus John Wesley?


Surprise! John Wesley is mentioned several times in this 450-page book. Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, not once.

The book is HRC: State Secrets and the Rebirth of Hillary Clinton, by journalists Jonathan Allen and Amie Parnes (New York: Broadway Books / Random House, 2014, 2015). The book covers Hillary Clinton’s life and political career from the time she lost the Democratic Presidential nomination to Barack Obama in 2008, through her four years as Secretary of State, and then the lead-up to her 2016 Presidential bid. The reason Trump and Sanders are absent from the book is that it was published before either entered the race. In my view, this adds a certain strength and balance to the authors’ reporting and analysis.

imagesThe authors seem fair, with no apparent axes to grind. They are tough on Hillary at times, for instance when they speak of the political atmosphere of “Hillaryland” and “Clintonworld.” But they also have many neutral and some positive things to say. The book is based mostly on hundreds of interviews with people involved in the events reported, characters who themselves represent a broad spectrum of Hillary opinions. This gives the book balance and a sense of immediacy.

So overall the book is a fair-minded. Critical, but not unkind; reasonably balanced, certainly not vicious, as so much political stuff is these days. The authors point out Mrs. Clinton’s weaknesses but also her strengths and skills. Several key passages reveal, I believe, where Hillary’s heart is.

One fascinating aspect of the book is the story of the gradual shift in the Obama–Hillary relationship from being outspoken rivals, to colleagues in the Obama Administration, to growing mutual respect, and finally to warm friendship. Though this book is preeminently about politics, it repeatedly reminds us that politics has its human side.

Much of the book deals with Hillary Clinton’s tenure as Secretary of State, during which time her national approval rating reached the 70% range. Secretary Clinton drew effectively on her past experience in the rarified atmosphere of Washington DC politics. Within the Obama administration, she bolstered the relative influence of State in relation to other departments and won grudging respect. The authors report,

“Usually the people she deal with, from low-level staff aides in her own building all the way up to the president of the United States, walked away with newfound respect for her. Often they found themselves liking her more with each interaction . . . . [S]he proved herself to be the ultimate politician, a strategic power player whose hard work, command of politics and policy, and deft calculation produced more admiration than animosity.”

An official who worked closely with Defense Secretary Robert Gates gave the authors this appraisal of Secretary Clinton: Working with Hillary, “you sort of begrudgingly begin to respect her, then you outright respect her and her incredible work ethic.” Eventually “you actually like this person, and she’s charming and she’s funny and she’s interesting and she’s inquisitive and she’s engaging.”

Wesleyan Roots?

The authors of HRC have no particular interest in religion or the Christian faith. So I found it especially interesting that (drawing on their interviews) they comment several times on Hillary’s Methodist roots. For example:

“The way Hillary mourns [tragedies], friends say, is to pour her emotion into healing and fixing, an approach deeply rooted in the teachings of John Wesley, the founder of Methodism. That’s what she did when she returned from the Congo, even though she was supposed to have some downtime. She reached out to a wide circle of friends, aides, and spiritual advisers to see what could be done for the women of the refugee camps. ‘She was so mortified by what she heard, she was e-mailing everybody while she was on vacation,’ said one State Department source.”

Another source, whom the authors describe as a “longtime friend” of Hillary’s, said, “She has something more driving her than just power. She has a very strong moral compass that she leans into.” The friend adds, “I think if you had any length of conversation with her as a Methodist, and talked to her about her faith, she would be very insightful.”

Another interviewee commented on Hillary’s reaction when she and the President met returning soldiers’ coffins at Andrews Air Force Base and talked with soldiers’ families. “I did not see her tear up,” the source said. “I just saw her feel it. The face of ‘I’m here.’ I think a bit of it is her Methodist roots and her belief in the Lord and her faith, and then it’s this kind of ‘What am I here to do? I’m here to be that person.’ She believes in service to country and government, and part of her role is that—being that compassionate person” who brings some comfort and conveys the nation’s recognition and grief.

Those who know Hillary well say that she feels “called to public service by a higher power, as expressed in her devotions to the service-oriented Wesleyan faith.” Hillary herself said in an interview, “Look, I do have what I’ve called the responsibility gene. I do believe strongly in public service, and I do have, through my religious upbringing and my faith, a sense of obligation because I’ve been give so much.”

Hillary added, “I really have never lived my life thinking I knew what was going to happen next. I really try to—I mean, it is very John Wesleyan, believe me. I really try to just do the best I can every day, because who knows what’s going to happen next?” Devoting her life to public service, she says, “[I] just feel like every day I’m being true to my values and I’m contributing in some way, and maybe trying to do some good.”

Obviously this is not most Americans’ public perception. Much of the public views Hillary as defensive, secretive, probably duplicitous, hardheaded and hardhearted. Friends who know her tell a different tale. Speaking of the wrenching stories Hillary heard while talking with abused Congolese women, a friend said Hillary “hears these stories, not just with her head and her intellect—stuff goes through her heart.”

Tom Nides, one of Secretary Clinton’s aides, described Hillary in the wake of the Benghazi crisis and its aftermath: “She has this rare ability to be compassionate but also get stuff done. She’s a really good executive. I saw it in real time, and she handled a real crisis.” Secretary Clinton, Nides said, “wasn’t mechanical, screaming at people, but she was emotional, she was firm in getting facts and getting the issues resolved.”

Incidentally, the authors report a 2013 dinner event in Chicago where Hillary met Malala Yousafzai, still recovering from being shot by the Pakistani Taliban a year earlier. “Clinton got the biggest nudge to enter the [Presidential] race from Malala,” the book reports. Malala is quoted as saying that “even in America, people are waiting for a woman president.”


Naturally the whole Benghazi affair gets a lot of attention in the book. The authors report the same thing all the multimillion dollar Congressional and other investigations showed: The tragedy should not have happened, and with more foresight might have been prevented. But Secretary Clinton was not herself involved in any of the key decisions. These were made by State Department officials well below her in the structure of the large department. Still, she publicly took responsibility.

In the wake of Benghazi and then Secretary Clinton’s strategic involvement in Burma and unfolding developments in Israel and Gaza, the authors make this summary assessment: “For all her strategic planning, Hillary is often at her best and most decisive when faced with an emerging crisis.”

Despite the Benghazi debacle, the authors believe Hillary Clinton’s tenure as Secretary of State should be viewed positively. One undersecretary at State put it this way: “Secretary Clinton reintroduced America to the world, and they liked what they saw. They wanted to be a part of it.” The authors add, “There’s certainly evidence to suggest that the world approved more of American leadership during Clinton’s tenure than it did in the years before she took over at State”—whether or not Hillary deserves the credit for that.

Hillary’s Enemies

The authors discuss Hillary’s last year as Secretary of State and the health crisis after she fell and suffered a concussion. They note, “after Hillary’s fall, the old anti-Clinton conspiracy machine really kicked into high gear.” Having myself followed the Clintons’ political careers for nearly a quarter-century, I know what they mean. Years ago I read The Hunting of the President: The Ten-Year Campaign to Destroy Bill and Hillary Clinton, by investigative journalists Joe Conason and Gene Lyons (2000). I have long known of the sustained multimillion-dollar campaign by political enemies to discredit both Clintons in any way possible, without regard to ethics or truth. If I believed even a quarter of what Hillary’s enemies say, I wouldn’t consider her worthy of the U.S. Presidency. But I don’t believe it.

Hillary and Bill have been their own worst enemies, obviously. We need make no excuses. But neither should we believe the rampant media stories, rumors, and conspiracy theories being circulated by political operatives with unlimited dollars but no scruples.

In Sum

HRC is well worth reading, whatever your politics. It is a good counterpoint both to the noxiously anti-Hillary books and online trash and to the pro-Hillary propaganda. The Hillary Clinton portrayed here is consistent with what I’ve read and heard previously over the years.

The authors do a pretty good job of describing Hillary Clinton’s political views and policy positions. They note her conviction that government, business, and non-government organizations (NGOs) should work together for the common good. That it is the role of government to catalyze such cooperation. And that government’s primary concern beyond the basics of public order and national security is to be the advocate and defender of the poor, the victimized, and the public generally, not of privileged special interests. This concern is of course biblical.

I generally liked the book, despite the fact that the authors occasionally include crude language. I thought this unnecessary, though in most cases this comes from their quoted sources.

The often caustic political columnist Maureen Dowd has several times used this remark by a Clinton White House aide: “Hillary, though a Methodist, thinks of herself as an Episcopal bishop who deserves to live at the level of her wealthy parishioners, in return for devoting her life to God and good works.” Whether the remark is fair or not, it does echo the public perception paradox of a person who has both served the public and given the appearance (unfortunately common in many influential public figures and high-profile religious leaders) that she is entitled to live and function according to her own set of rules.

The Hillary Clinton pictured in HRC is immensely talented, smart, hardworking, experienced, knowledgeable, and informed. Certainly she is capable of being President of the United States, more so than any other current candidate. She is, I suppose, as flawed as John F. Kennedy, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, and most other capable U.S. Presidents. Whether she can persuade a winnable majority of U.S. citizens that she is the best choice to be the next President will become evident in a few weeks.

Visiting Director, Manchester Wesley Research Centre in Manchester, England. Formerly professor of the history and theology of mission, Asbury Theological Seminary (1996-2006); Professor of Wesley Studies, Tyndale Seminary, Toronto, 2007-2012. Has taught and pastored in São Paulo, Brazil; Detroit, Michigan; and Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Snyder's main interest is in the power and relevance of Jesus Christ and his Kingdom for the world today and tomorrow. Works include The Problem of Wineskins, Community of the King, and most recently, Jesus and Pocahontas: Gospel, Mission, and National Myth.


  1. I expect Hillary to be our next president. But I’m not happy about it. I don’t know if this can be proven, but Tom Oden at least implies that during the time of his most liberal thinking, thinking he thoroughly rejects these days, he was writing articles or papers which he believes influenced Mrs. Clinton. So I don’t know how “Wesley-like” she is in her heart of hearts. People I know who openly intend to vote for Trump will usually admit he is a flawed candidate. They don’t care. I suppose those who support Clinton will swallow any objection they have to her views on marriage, abortion, to mention a couple of hot button issues, and allow her intelligence and experience to carry the day. I wouldn’t argue that she has been treated unfairly at times by some sectors of the journalistic community (who hasn’t?), but I think her lack of popularity is the result of more than just right wing smear tactics. (Bernie Sanders, anyone?) Still, I applaud any attempt to write a fair and non biased account of her life.

  2. Thanks, John Mark. Always glad for your opinion! As you can see, I have thought long and hard about this (historically, theologically, biblically) for a long time. I would consider voting for Sanders if he were the candidate. Very impressed how he quoted a whole string of biblical passages when speaking to a reactionary audience at Liberty University.

  3. What an excellent review! Thank you, Howard. We are supporting Hillary Clinton and praying that she will be elected.
    Kay and Bruce.

    • Thank you, Kay & Bruce! What an encouragement. I posted on FB my reasons for my vote.

      Looking forward to seeing Celeste et al. at SPU in March. I trust you saw the book.



  4. Dear Reverend Snyder

    You seen to be a man trying to be fair and sincere in your opinions of Mrs. Clinton. I admired and respect these qualities. And I believe that there is much about the Clinton’s that we do not know. It is the things we do know that that concern me.

    Surely, there has to be some provable truth in the charges brought against Hillary in the public forums else there would be grounds for slander, liable, and defamation of character .

    I remember the words attributed to Big Jim Folsom, former Governor of Alabama. “People say that I am a crook. At least I will admit it. ” or so the story goes.

    Do you believe that the many accusations that Hillary has lied on a number of issues related to government affairs are false?

    Do you affirmed her position on abortion? Are you saying that Secretary Clinton had nothing to do with the withholding of rescue efforts in the Bengazie tragedy?

    I personally feel that the citizens of America do not have the best of candidates for the presidency of our country from either party. But through the political process we have what we have. I believe that to not vote is irresponsible.

    I believe that candidate Clinton will give us at the minimum, the same policies and leadership we have had for the past 8 years. Or worse

    Candidate Trump offers the changes that so many citizens feel we must have. He offers a break from the entrenched political establishment that appear to be motivated by staying in office more than by governing for the benefit of the people.

    I believe we are on the back side of the power curve in our country. I firmly believe that God is sovereign and all that is happening is by His eternal plan or permission. You must must be familiar with biblical history. You know that God will not indefinitely ignore how far we have drifted away from His ways. May He have mercy on us.


    • Thanks, Norm –
      Very much appreciated!
      As to your questions:
      “Do you believe that the many accusations that Hillary has lied on a number of issues related to government affairs are false?”
      No, I think that may be true. It is hard to know just what is true and what is not, isn’t it? I try to follow Paul here in 1 Cor. 13.

      “Do you affirmed her position on abortion?”
      I don’t agree with her on abortion except on the points that, if and when it happens, it should be safe, and also that abortion should be rare. I think it’s justified only in very exceptional circumstances, such as when the life of the mother is in danger.

      “Are you saying that Secretary Clinton had nothing to do with the withholding of rescue efforts in the Bengazie tragedy?”
      Yes. The several careful investigations of the sad Benghazi affair make that plain.
      I certainly agree that we don’t have the best candidates available! If I were choosing (!!!), I would choose someone else for both the Republican and Democratic parties (which as parties I respect). And I agree that not to vote (at least in this election) would be irresponsible, given Trump’s demagoguery.
      You say HRC will give us essentially the same policies we’ve had for the past 8 years. On some issues (particularly healthcare, the environment, and opportunities for the middle class and poorer folks), I certainly hope and pray that is true. However I think the U.S. in several areas needs major reform. I am hoping President Clinton will be a reformer, but I’m not very optimistic on that point. However she did have a good record of bipartisanship in the Senate, so that could be a positive sign.
      Trump certainly offers change, but I have two concerns: (1) Most of his promises are extreme and probably impossible (export all the illegal aliens?!). (2) He appears erratic, driven by impulse, and that is always dangerous in a leader.
      I fully agree with your last paragraph. I have written on some of these topics in my previous Seedbed blogs – e.g., the one about what we learn from the books of Kings and Chronicles in the O.T.
      Shalom in Christ,