The Fatherhood of God in the Old Testament

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Most people assume that the fatherhood of God is a teaching found only in the New Testament. Jesus’ instructively prayed, “Our Father in heaven…” (Matthew 6:9) and God the Father’s parental relationship with Christians is described throughout the New Testament (John 1:12–13; Romans 1:7; 15:6; 1 Cor 1:3; 2 Cor 1:3 ; 1 Thessalonians 1:2-3; Colossians 1:12; Ephesians 5:20; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Ephesians 4:6; 1 Peter 1:3-4 ; 1 John 3:1).

However, fatherhood—and even attributes of motherhood—are ways that the Old Testament describes God as well. It is reflected in God’s relationship with creation, generally, with Israel, specifically, and even individuals who enjoy a personal relationship with him (Exodus 4:22-23; Deuteronomy 1:31; 8:5 ; 14:1; 32:6; Isaiah 63:16; 64:8; Jeremiah 3:4; 3:19 ; 31:9; 2:10; 2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chronicles 17:13; 22:10; 28:6; Psalm 68:5; 89:26; Psalm 103:13; Jeremiah 3:22 ; 31:20; Hosea 11:1-4; Malachi 1:6).

Watch today’s Seven Minute Seminary by Dr. Svetlana Khobnya as she offers an overview of the Fatherhood of God present in Old Testament Scripture.

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Dr. Svetlana Khobnya is Lecturer in Biblical Studies at Nazarene Theological College in Manchester, England. She is an ordained minister, and married to Andrey. Together with their son, they are active in local church life in Manchester.

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